Anne-Maria Pennonen: Phenomena of the Romantic era

The Romantic era in nineteenth-century Europe may be characterized as an era of diversity: there was more than just one Romantic attitude. The Romantics wanted to express their diverse emotions, concepts of belief, hopes and fears. Romanticism also took different forms in different countries, which were reflected in visual arts.

  • 22.3.2023 at 18–19
in Finnish
Seminar hall
Tickets: with a museum ticket
18 €/ 12 €/ Museum Card. Entry is free for those under 18 years. Tickets are available at the ticket office on the day of the performance. 80 seats. No advance booking.
Alexander Lauréus (1783 – 1823): The Annunciation to the Shepherds, 1815. Finnish National Gallery / Ateneum Art Museum. Photo: Finnish National Gallery / Hannu Pakarinen.

The French Revolution of 1789 was in the past, but it was followed by new revolutions in 1830 and 1848, the latter of which was a significant year of revolutions across the continent. In natural history, various natural sciences became disciplines in their own right, and they abandoned the taxonomy of Carl Linnaeus. Nationalist ideals spread from Germany across Europe. Artists worked primarily as poets and philosophers. Industrialization gained pace, causing problems in the cities. The conditions of the working class started to receive attention. Planning began for parks and green spaces in the cities to enhance the environment and increase air quality. Artists began to yearn to return to nature and left the cities for the country. In the footsteps of Goethe, pilgrimages were made to Rome and its environs. Imagination was the order of the day, and fairy tales and adventure stories were popular.

Anne-Maria Pennonen, PhD, is a curator at the Ateneum Art Museum. She has curated numerous exhibitions. She specializes in nineteenth-century art and has researched landscape painting in the Nordic countries and Germany, in particular.